With hundreds of choices, how can you pick an IoT platform?
Choosing the right IoT platform among the small industry specific platforms isn’t easy. The market is saturated and there’s no market leader creating one industry standard.
ReadWrite interviews Saverio Romeo, the chief research officer of Beecham Research, who were part of a team creating IoT Pilot, a free, completely independent, analyst-driven tool designed to help enterprises navigate and evaluate the IoT platform landscape. Romeo presumes that data privacy and data ownership need to be discussed industry-wide. “The experience of explaining design innovation to engineers has been quite extraordinary over the last 10 years. I think the next step is to make them aware of how the stuff they do has a social impact. We see some of this emerging in the Horizon 2020 research program. There are a number of initiatives in which your organization can go basically and test the device from an ethical point of view, and so I think there is a move towards that.” Romero concludes.
Read more about the IoT platform ecosphere and its future: https://readwrite.com/2017/07/21/with-over-450-iot-platforms-which-one-will-you-choose-il1/
Highlights from the Industry of Things World Report 2017
The Industry of Things World Survey Report 2017 sheds light on the state of the IoT market. Based on the views of over 1,100 cross-industry leaders, the focus point is now shifting towards real-world implementation and monetization of industrial IoT. According to Maria Relaki, Portfolio Director at we.CONECT Global Leaders, the organizer of Industry of Things World conference series, industrial IoT has moved from theory to application.
The third annual Industry of Things World Survey investigates the opinions of over 1,100 Internet of Things (IoT) and Industry 4.0 managers working in industries such as manufacturing, information and communication technologies, automotive and transportation, healthcare, chemicals and many more. Conducted online from January to March 2017, the survey covers the current state of the worldwide IoT market.
“The results indicate that IoT is now considered essential to business and not just theory or something that is good to have. Eighty-eight percent of the respondents found industrial IoT critical to their organization’s future success,” comments Maria Relaki, Portfolio Director at we.CONECT Global Leaders. “A key finding is that Industrial IoT has already become mainstream: According to our respondents, adoption of industrial internet is at 91 percent. This means that companies are moving beyond the theoretical planning phase, and they are able to discuss how they are going to roll out their plans or even what they have already achieved with IIoT,” she explains.
Trends and phenomena
Relaki points out that the increasing percentage of use of digital technology—up from last year’s 82% to 91% this year—supports the notion that digital transformation really is the way to go. According to her, moving to the implementation phase means that there is a lot going on in the world of IoT because this stage has so many steps. In addition to the overarching theme of digital transformation, among the hot topics discovered in this year’s survey results are monetization strategies, data analytics, platforms, and improved operating performance. “People have had enough of ‘This is the next big thing’. Now, businesses are expecting results,” says Relaki.
However, some themes remain equally important from year to year. “Forecasting demand, cybersecurity, and interoperability have not lost importance,” Relaki notes. For example, over half of the respondents (55%) think regulation, governance, and security play a very important role in digital transformation, while almost two thirds (62%) found cybersecurity and privacy a hurdle that must be overcome in pursuing digital transformation. The lack of industry standards for interoperability and interconnectivity was the second most significant hurdle (39%) from the respondents’ perspective.
Challenges and opportunities
“Businesses have identified the opportunities of IIoT technologies, and they are now looking for specific solutions to answer their needs.”
The survey identified some of the challenges and opportunities of industrial IoT. “Based on the responses to our open-ended questions, businesses have identified the opportunities of IIoT technologies, and they are now looking for specific solutions to answer their needs,” she says. For example, the majority of respondents expected IIoT to yield new revenue streams and business models (66%) as well as new products and services (66%). The biggest potential IIoT improvement areas were found in plant operating performance through improved maintenance and asset uptime (58%) or through improved execution (48%).
The challenge lies in recognizing innovation and integrating it into business. For instance, when it comes to digital transformation, only four percent of respondents found their company as having both vision and execution in place.
Industry of Things World 2017
Industry of Things World 2017 is a strategic conference that brings together stakeholders from a variety of industries, all with the aim of defining the future of the fourth industrial revolution. Organized by we.CONECT Global Leaders, the event is scheduled to take place in Berlin, Germany, from September 18 to 19, 2017. According to Relaki, approximately 1,000 participants representing over 40 different nationalities are expected to attend.
Key themes of the two-day program include, among others, overcoming integration challenges of industry 4.0 in running businesses, monetizing the IIoT in an industrial setting, the impact of AI, machine learning, and robotics on productivity, and the implications of the convergence of IT and OT in terms of security. “This year, the emphasis is shifting from ideas and intentions to implementation. There will be presentations of actual projects demonstrating real-world applications of IIoT technologies and sessions dedicated to the integration of innovation in companies,” shares Relaki.
Among the conference’s 80-plus speakers are Kevin Ashton, a renowned expert in digital transformation and the one who coined the term “the Internet of Things;” Nigel Upton, Worldwide Director and General Manager IoT and Global Connectivity Platforms at Hewlett Packard Enterprise; Eric Schaeffer, Senior Managing Director at Accenture; and Tanja Rueckert, President IoT and Digital Supply Chain at SAP.
To find out more about the agenda and speakers of Industry of Things World 2017, visit www.industryofthingsworld.com/en/ .
Download the full survey report here.
Maria Relaki works as Portfolio Director at we.CONECT Global Leaders and is responsible for the Industry of Things World global event series.
Image credit: Industry of Things World
Update: Kevin Ashton, who first coined the term ”Internet of Things” talks about the next phase of the Industrial Internet. Video was filmed at the event venue in Berlin.
— IndIntNow (@IndIntNow) September 22, 2017
7 amazing technologies we’ll see by 2030
The World Economic forum surveyed over 800 experts and executives to find out what the future will actually look like. This Business Insider video shows 7 amazing technologies they think the world will see by 2030.
Watch the video about technology tipping points we will reach by 2030 at: http://www.businessinsider.com/technologies-future-2030-world-economic-forum-tech-video-2017-2?r=US&IR=T&IR=T
How Industrial IoT enables the factory of the future
Trillion-dollar projections on the expanding size of the market are urging companies to capitalize on the Industrial IoT. For many, however, it remains unclear how industries should apply IIoT to begin making the hyper-efficient and agile factory of the future a reality. Fabio Bottacci, founder and CEO of VINCI Digital and Industrial IoT Expert Contributor at the World Economic Forum and at the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES), shares his insights on how Industrial IoT is already increasing operational efficiency, saving time and reducing cost.
As the Fourth Industrial Revolution transforms manufacturing and material handling, enterprises continue to look for ways to create value from converging technologies. But what are the steps that companies need to take to put together an effective agenda of action? Fabio Bottacci finds it essential that the implementation of industrial internet is incorporated into the company’s strategy and business development. In other words, chief executives must embrace change. “In order to advance decision-making on the correct level, CEOs must be included from the very beginning, possibly as initiative main sponsor. IT officers alone cannot drive real digital transformation,” says Bottacci.
Bottacci advises manufacturers to initiate the transformation by defining a specific set of goals, to be assessed and validated initially on a pilot project, before the implementation at scale of an end-to-end Industrial IoT solution. The next step is to deploy an industrial internet pilot in one facility, or on a specific production line, which will be used as a case study for learning how IoT works in this particular industrial environment. The pilot facility is then reworked and developed according to observations. After the test phase, it is easy for a company to apply the same principles, with proper adjustments, at scale to other facilities.
Bottacci uses the concept of flexible infrastructure to refer to how transformation can be simpler in certain contexts. “It is easier to justify large investments in industrial internet in environments where industrial internet is incorporated into production by transitioning directly to automated, advanced IIoT environments. The transition phase is less complicated when the existing infrastructure is light, because there are fewer things that must be accounted for in applying new solutions,” he explains.
A case in point is Romania, where the internet infrastructure is now top of the class in Europe. The Romanian infrastructure was created rather recently compared to more affluent European countries, and therefore, the entire web is more modern than that in Finland, for example.
Industrial internet in practice
“IIoT coupled with AI or ML turns maintenance into a dynamic, rapid and automated task.”
Bottacci emphasizes that applications of industrial IoT are already a reality. According to him, there are dozens of different use cases of IIoT in enterprises. “Companies are already developing IoT applications that work, and they have started making a difference. For example, transportation and warehousing benefit from automated vehicles and asset tracking. In manufacturing, predictive maintenance and asset performance management are key areas where industrial internet boosts value creation.”
Predictive maintenance keeps assets up and running, decreasing operational costs and saving companies millions of dollars. Data from IIoT-enabled systems – sensors, cameras, and data analytics enabled by powerful artificial intelligence (AI) or machine learning (ML) algorithms – helps to better plan maintenance, allowing manufacturers to service equipment before problems occur. “Data streaming from sensors and devices can be used to quickly assess current conditions, recognize warning signs, deliver alerts and automatically trigger appropriate maintenance processes. IIoT coupled with AI or ML thus turns maintenance into a dynamic, rapid and automated task,” Bottacci explains.
“Other potential advantages include increased equipment lifetime, increased plant safety and fewer accidents with negative impact on environment,” he adds.
The importance of edge analytics
“Companies have been proactive in moving the processing of IIoT to cloud services,” Bottacci notes. However, in his opinion, it is not necessarily a wise move to have everything in the cloud. During critical stages of the manufacturing process it is crucial that decisions can be made instantaneously. Here, manufacturers can benefit from edge analytics.
“Edge computing enables real-time analytics. Edge analytics is an approach to data collection and analysis where automated analytical computation is performed on data at a sensor, network switch or other device instead of waiting for the data to be sent back to a centralized data store. IIoT can be supplemented with Arduino-based, open-source computer hardware and software applications that allow some of the processing to take place on site, at the edge of the network and near the source of the data. Edge computing helps ensure that the right processing takes place at the right time, in the right place,” Bottacci explains. “Edge computing is a preferable option for the cloud in terms of security, as proprietary data is kept within the company firewall. Moreover, edge computing becomes vital when you need real-time analysis and automated action to save critical-mission production lines or facilities from potential heavy damages.”
Creating value with Industrial IoT
“There’s no value in the data without advanced algorithms of machine learning.”
Bottacci says that value can be created in surprisingly simple ways by putting data to work. As an example of enhancing safety and efficiency in material handling, he refers to a fleet management system in Silicon Valley. “Peloton Tech’s truck platooning system is a case study that illustrates how IIoT is already creating value. The system uses vehicle-to-vehicle communication to connect the braking and acceleration between two trucks. The lead truck controls the simultaneous acceleration and braking of the whole fleet, reacting faster than a human or even a sensor system could. What follows is a reduction in aerodynamic drag, which leads to companies saving around seven per cent in fuel cost. In terms of annual savings, this is a remarkable number,” says Bottacci.
In Europe, trucking companies such as Scania and Volvo Trucks have adopted IIoT fleet thinking. “It still takes courage to adopt innovations like these,” Bottacci admits. However, he recommends getting started quickly by building a case study of industrial internet and then working towards expanding IIoT to cover more and more of the industrial realm. “Companies should start seeing emerging technology like Industrial IoT not as a threat but as the only way to survive in a matter of a few years. That’s two or three years if you are an optimist, five to ten if you are more conservative,” estimates Bottacci.
In Bottacci’s view, the simple capacity of devices to seize data is not what the Industrial Internet of Things is essentially about. “Even if you have all the infrastructure and the technology to get the data – sensors, WiFi, the gateway, the cloud – and the capacity of analyzing the data, there’s no value in it without AI, more specifically advanced algorithms of machine learning.”
“IIoT is about AI or ML analyzing data in real time so as to make decisions and act, most of the times several days or even weeks before a potential issue. This process results in actual business outcomes,” Bottacci states. “Prescriptive analytics react autonomously, real-time: In a mission-critical situation, a prescriptive system will autonomously decide what to do. This is where edge analytics is imperative,” he explains. “My point is: You can’t consider industrial internet standalone. The real value comes from how companies use AI and ML-enabled IIoT solutions in analyzing and processing data.”
Fabio Bottacci works as an independent advisor. He is founder and CEO of VINCI Digital and an Industrial IoT Expert Contributor at the World Economic Forum and at BNDES, the Brazilian Development Bank.
The need to connect legacy devices to the IIoT
Pre-internet assets lack the connectivity of newer pieces of equipment. These legacy devices, however, still have years of remaining value if they can be linked to the cloud, enabling their data to be analyzed and revealing actionable insights that could perhaps potentially transform business. Wael Elrifai, Sr. Director of Enterprise Solutions at Pentaho, offers insights on how older systems can be made to work with current ones, and talks about the human side of machine learning.
Businesses that have operated for a considerable amount of time will have accumulated several legacy systems over that period. While they have long life-spans, few of these machines will be immediately compatible with one another. The cost of replacing these pre-internet assets to facilitate communication could easily outweigh foreseeable production benefits. What steps must plant managers then take to combine AI capabilities with legacy infrastructure?
— IndIntNow (@IndIntNow) June 1, 2017
Wael Elrifai, Sr. Director of Enterprise Solutions at Pentaho, begins with this premise. “I usually like to remind people that we talk as though data was not generated in the past on these systems. Remember, however, that there’s a lot of robotics involved already, and these systems have sensors that have been producing data for decades. The truth of the matter is that systems such as PLCs (programmable logic controllers) and SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) have already been capturing that data. What you need to do now is to pull the data off those systems. Things like data integration tools are built for that,” he says.
According to Elrifai, predictive maintenance – a technology that drives value in modern manufacturing – isn’t new either. “The difference today is, because the cost of computing and the cost of storage have dramatically reduced, you can do more with it. It’s been a nice positive feedback cycle: Where you can capture more data, you can do more computing work – applied mathematics, machine learning and AI, among others. This then makes capturing data more valuable.”
Conversely, in situations where it’s entirely mechanical and no data or robotics are involved, he suggests looking for proxies for that data. Elrifai adds that while some retrofitting may be required, from his experience a lot of data is already there and is not being used, so it would be best to begin with that.
IIoT implementation across industries
Some industries are more advanced when it comes to IIoT implementation, while others lag. To convince traditional manufacturing companies of the economic benefits of AI investments, Elrifai offers the following examples.
“The ports industry is already using complex machine learning techniques. The most common one for logistics companies is simulated annealing, a method for schedule optimization that sees to it that cranes are doing the right thing at the right time, and containers are moved according to the right schedule.” Elrifai believes that for some container terminals, it’s mostly about the integration of the larger supply chain.
On the other hand, he recalls a visit to a steel factory that wanted to improve its efficiency. “A couple of times a day, they experienced a very specific kind of failure. This cost about 10 percent of their productivity, and in the steel industry that figure is enormous,” Elrifai explains. Furthermore, the way they knew there was a problem was rather unusual: The control room would start shaking.
While the company wanted to reduce this through predictive maintenance techniques, what they didn’t know was that they were capturing all this data already. Elrifai says like many other companies, this particular steel factory would only look at five, ten or 20 variables, the ones that were in their SCADA system.
“What they didn’t do is integrate this with thousands of other sources. The statistical techniques that factories are doing today are low-dimensionality ones,” he continues, adding that trying to convince groups to do more is a matter of explaining to them that it’s just an evolution of what they are already doing.
Where humans fit in
Another dimension to machine learning and AI is the human factor. As far as the supply chain is concerned, Elrifai is of this opinion. “If you are talking about supervised learning – just prediction, basically – oftentimes the baseline data that you use to train these systems is from humans. And you want these systems to evolve, because systems evolve, factories evolve,” he says. “I think humans are always going to be there, helping to state what the ground truth is. Or, at least for the foreseeable future, they will be doing that.”
In addition, Elrifai points out that in certain cases in factories, several different algorithms are voting whether something is going to fail or not, and a human expert is doing that as well.
“With these kinds of methods – ensembles, if you will – you end up with better outcomes. For instance, the machine by itself might produce 75% accuracy and the human on his or her own might produce 68% accuracy. When you put them together, you end up with greater performance, say 80% or 85%,” he states. “I think there’s still a lot of room for cooperation. I don’t think the algorithms are taking over just yet.”
How to solve new problems
“The common problem people have with technology is that they search for problems. That makes no sense. Solution? Start with use cases.”
Finally, Elrifai – with his background in data science – offers this essential piece of advice to companies that plan to connect legacy equipment to the IIoT. “The common problem people have with technology is that they search for problems. That makes no sense,” he emphasizes. His solution? Start with use cases.
“I think there’s a sense that this is extremely expensive to do. However, all you really are doing is putting up a basic data engineering or basic machine learning infrastructure – this is low-cost. There’s a lot of automation available now around machine learning,” states Elrifai. “In the data world, when you try to build models, about 80-90% of the effort that is put in is made up of data engineering, feature engineering, preparing data, filtering – all the easy stuff.”
Elrifai believes that a lot of the data prep for data engineering can be done in an automated fashion. “I don’t think people recognize that. They are trying to use old tools to solve new problems,” he concludes.
Wael Elrifai is an author and speaker. He works as Sr. Director of Enterprise Solutions at Pentaho, a data integration and business analytics company with an enterprise-class, open source-based platform for diverse big data deployments.
Implementing AI in Europe’s Businesses, Beyond the Hype
AI Business set out to find out how AI is transforming business today and how it will evolve in the future. They surveyed the C-Suite executives in the UK & Europe’s 300 largest businesses on how they see AI impacting their organizations, understanding their current and future AI projects, concerns and overall strategy. Georgios Kipouros, Research Director at AI Business, writes about the findings of the survey on techUK.
The majority of the leaders thought AI will transform their industry and saw it essential for their organization. Over 80% compared the impact of AI to that of the Internet. The leaders perceived AI as a way to improve efficiency, reduce overall costs, and also a way to enhance accuracy in their operations. Over 80% of Europe’s leading organizations were investing in machine/deep Learning technologies, expecting to spend an average of 4 million Euros per AI project within the next 2 years.
Read more about implementing AI in Europe’s Businesses at http://www.techuk.org/insights/opinions/item/10724-implementing-ai-in-europe-s-businesses-beyond-the-hype
Securing IIoT systems still a contractual no man’s land
The industrial internet is a continuously evolving and layered infrastructure built on connected machinery – a large proportion of which has not previously been linked to the internet. The fact that these machines can now be accessed online brings new challenges for IoT service providers as well as their clients. Furthermore, questions remain regarding responsibilities, says Pasi Vilja, Chief Information Security Officer at Konecranes.
Last year, a massive distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack swept through the globe and nearly disrupted the entire internet. Experts called it the largest attack of its kind in history. Afterwards, close investigation revealed that the assault had been orchestrated completely through IoT devices. A huge number of web cameras were left unprotected, and this offered an easy opportunity for hackers to mount a large-scale attack via the internet.
“This is a great example of the vulnerabilities born out of millions of unprotected devices suddenly being connected to the internet. As the number of internet connected devices continues to grow, new vulnerabilities also arise, bringing forth questions about internet safety which we haven’t faced before,” Vilja says.
The need for shared solutions to these questions is growing increasingly dire as more and more machines – many of which were designed before the advent of the IoT era – are connected into the internet, and operated in ways which couldn’t have been considered at the time they were made.
Implementing security measures in the era of IoT
According to Vilja, security in the context of the industrial internet can be implemented mainly through the same types of practices already used in securing computer networks. Keeping up a proper firewall, requiring identification, and constantly surveying and reacting to problems that arise quickly are important, as is updating software.
“The same principles work in both an ordinary IT context and an IoT environment. On the software level, there isn’t that much of a difference in how the systems can be kept safe in either setting. Still, the industrial context adds a layer of complexity to the equation,” Vilja says.
One of the greatest differences in terms of web security in an industrial context is the machinery’s long lifecycle, which brings forth new questions on service providers’ responsibility to offer their clients updates for extended periods.
“Some machinery in industrial use still run on Windows XP or even NT. For the former, support ended in 2014 – and for the latter, in 2004. How are we going to ensure that systems will be kept secure when some of the machines have lifecycles of 50 years? These are still questions to be discussed,” Vilja says.
Another issue comes up with the variety of machines being connected to the web. Industrial companies might have a combination of old, non-connected machinery which is now being connected to the web, point-to-point connected machines, and newer internet connected machines. When they open all these machines gradually to the internet, questions arise on how to make sure that no gaps are left between the different ways to connect.
Discussions about responsibilities still underway
Who has the ultimate responsibility regarding the IoT solutions in use and keeping them up to date? Is it the service providers? And if so, then how long and how actively do they have to ensure that the security is current? According to Vilja, these questions are still open for discussion, and no concrete best practices have surfaced yet.
“This is very much a discussion still to be had. Service providers must take responsibility to ensure that the services they offer are maintained to protect against new security threats. But only the clients know their full set-up and probably don’t want automatic updates from multiple providers. And how knowledgeable are the clients about the relevant security features or risks? This is still a contractual no man’s land,” Vilja says.
Another concern is that in highly specialized systems that have been tweaked or integrated by clients, the updates could cause interruptions – or even shutdowns – in their operations. On the other hand, refraining or neglecting to update their systems could also end up leaving their entire systems vulnerable.
According to Vilja, in order to form proper guidelines, open discussion and continuous surveillance are essential. Eventually, the best practices will be formed, and they are likely to follow precedents from the computer market.
Ultimately, the same rules apply to web cameras and smart refrigerators as for industrial sensors – basic security measures go a long way, and they must actually be implemented in order to ensure operational safety.
Pasi Vilja is the Chief Information Security Officer at Konecranes.
Looking for the human-machine touch
Digital technology is fast changing the way vehicles are built, but the pace of change varies according to different manufacturers and production processes. Above all, the importance of human workers has been central to the decision process for new technology – and looks set to remain so in the future.
According to Automotive Logistics, experts who spoke at automotiveIT Forum – Production and Logistics, which took place during the recent Hannover Messe, stressed that digitalization starts on the shop floor. Implementing logistics automation and support technology needs to be done with workers in mind – including their safety and comfort, but also their skills. For instance, Dr. Sabine Pfeiffer, professor of sociology at the University of Hohenheim, noted that the industry tends to focus on university graduates or consultancies, “but if you work with the experience and skills on the shop floor, you will get great results.”
Read more on how to begin disruption at the shop floor level: http://automotivelogistics.media/intelligence/looking-human-machine-touch
Image credit: Zapp2Photo / Shutterstock.com
The art of Simply-Complex and IIoT
The essence of the IIoT involves lots of “things” that will need to work harmoniously to be effective. But if the architecture is not designed right at the start, the opportunities afforded by this technology may collapse under the weight of all these many things.
According to Michael Davis, Senior Program Manager, Field Devices, at Schneider Electric, creating “simple” is actually not so simple. In a post on the Industrial Internet Consortium blog, he says that the concept of Simply-Complex is to challenge the architecture of the system and to start with a foundation that is comprised of simple building blocks that can be reconfigured, resequenced, and recycled into more complex structures. The winners in the future of the IIoT will be those who adopt the most elegant solutions.
Read more about simplicity as the foundation of the design: http://blog.iiconsortium.org/2017/04/the-art-of-simply-complex-and-iiot.html
Michael Davis and Matthew Carrar’s White Paper on The Art of Simply-Complex and IIoT can be found here: http://www.schneider-electric.com/en/download/document/9982095_02-20-17A_EN/
Image credit: Olga Morkotun / Shutterstock.com
How can Industry 4.0 help the global steel industry achieve greater efficiencies?
Taking place in Warsaw, Poland, the Future Steel Forum assembles speakers from academia and the steel industry to examine how technological innovations can revolutionize steel production. Matthew Moggridge, Editor of Steel Times International, talks about the themes and perspectives steelmakers must consider as they shift to a digital manufacturing platform.
According to the 2016 Global Industry 4.0 Survey conducted by the consulting firm PwC, the buzz surrounding Industry 4.0 has moved on from what some had earlier considered as hype to actual investment and real results. This investment, in turn, is translating into increasingly advanced levels of digitization and integration. 67% of respondents from the metals sector, among them companies in the steel industry, say they expect to reach advanced levels of digitization in their vertical value chains by 2020.
Matthew Moggridge, Editor of Steel Times International, shares a similar view. “The steel industry is well prepared for Industry 4.0 and has, for a long time, been at the forefront of industrial technological development,” he says.
“There are companies, such as Primetals Technologies, SMS group, Danieli Automation, Fives, among others, who have been pushing the boundaries of digital manufacturing and partnering with leading steelmakers such as ArcelorMittal, Tata Steel, Voestalpine and many others to develop the concept of Industry 4.0.”
Moggridge adds that in the US, Big River Steel is arguably the first smart steel plant. The company recently partnered with Noodle.ai, a San Francisco-based Enterprise Artificial Intelligence company, to implement Enterprise AI to optimize operations at the former’s scrap metal recycling and steel production facility in Osceola, Arkansas.
“On the one hand, digitization has moved from being an augmenting capability for steel companies to something that is now becoming a disruptive force. On the other hand, it is delivering supply chain agility, deeper process understanding and higher production utilization.”
Efficiencies and challenges
Broadly speaking, Industry 4.0 assists the global steel industry in its quest for greater efficiencies while raising new concerns. On the one hand, as digitization has moved from being an augmenting capability for steel companies to something that is now becoming a disruptive force, the PwC report says that it is delivering supply chain agility, deeper process understanding and higher production utilization.
The report states: “Automation is combining with data analytics to enable much higher flexibility as well as more efficiency in production. Algorithms are linking the physical properties of the materials with production costs and plant constraints to improve efficiency. Processes that were previously separated are now being integrated, leading to reductions of heat loss, energy consumption, throughput time, inventory as well as better price optimization.”
On the other hand, the people aspect also needs to be addressed. PwC states that companies will need to make sure staff members understand how the company is evolving and how they can be a part of the change. From PwC’s interviews with metals companies, the biggest challenges involve issues such as culture, leadership and the economic case for change.
In addition, Moggridge cites Dirk Schaefer, assistant professor of design engineering at the University of Bath, UK, who argues that the development of a new work force will also prove challenging within the context of Industry 4.0. Schaefer believes that investing in workforce education is essential. “Each of the previous industrial revolutions resulted in a surge of unemployment. There is no reason to believe that this will be any different this time around, unless preventive action is taken today,” Schaefer asserts.
— IndIntNow (@IndIntNow) June 14, 2017
These topics will be addressed by experts at the Future Steel Forum in Warsaw, which takes place today and tomorrow. Other discussion points include the impact of smart manufacturing on the steel industry, Industry 4.0 and its implications for plant safety, the future of cooperation between automation and steel manufacturing, and the role of human beings in the factory of the future.
Taking part are speakers from academia, the steel industry and the world of steel production technology such as Dr. Rizwan A Janjua, Head of Technology, World Steel Association; Jose Favilla, Director, Industry Solutions for Industrial Products, IBM; and Professor Chris Hankin, Imperial College London, among others.
Connecting the dots
As for Industry 4.0-related themes that are set to gain ever greater prominence in the coming years, Moggridge, who will deliver the welcoming and closing remarks at the event, has this to share. “Cyber security will always be a big issue that will constantly need to be addressed, but also the role of the human being in an increasingly automated environment, not only in steel but in other areas of industry as well,” he says.
“What people tend to forget about the steel industry is that it is already a very automated environment. In many ways, it’s just a case of connecting the dots before steelmakers can claim to be true advocates of Industry 4.0.”
Matthew Moggridge is the Editor of Steel Times International. The Future Steel Forum takes place in Warsaw, Poland, on June 14–15, 2017. futuresteelforum.com