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3D printing

refers to any of the processes used in manufacturing a three-dimensional object.

API

Application Programming Interface (API) comprises of a set of routines, protocols and tools for building software applications. It can be thought of as a set of building blocks, of which the programmer then puts the program together.

Augmented reality

(AR) is a live view of a real-world environment with computer-generated augmented elements such as sound, video or graphics. Examples include object recognition and computer vision.

Big data

refers to data sets so large, that conventional data processing applications are inadequate in analyzing them. The term often refers to advanced methods for extracting value from data, not the size of the data set.

Data analytics

is a process for finding certain hidden patterns and other useful information from large data sets.

ERP

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) refers to suites of programs used to collect, store, manage and interpret data from a wide variety of business activities. ERP provides an integrated view of various core business processes, often in real-time.

Hackathon

Hackathon is an event, where groups consisting of programmers, graphic designers and project managers compete in programming software or hardware solutions. The events are usually organized by companies or organizations, last 1-7 days and involve prizes for the winners.

Hacker

Hacker refers to two types of programmers. Either to someone who is an adherent of the programming subculture, or a person whose aim is to conduct criminal activity through computing.

HART

The Highway Addressable Remote Transducer Protocol (HART) was developed as an early implementation of Fieldbus. Its advantage is, that it can communicate over legacy 4-20mA analog instrumentation wiring.

ICS

Industrial control system (ICS) is a general term for control systems used in industrial production, including supervisory control and data acquisition systems, distributed control systems and other smaller control systems.

Industrial Internet

draws together fields such as the Internet of Things, big data and machine learning to analyze data and use it to adjust operations.

Internet of Things

refers to a network of physical objects with embedded electronics that enable the objects in question to share data with production, an operator or other connected devices.

M2M

Machine to Machine (M2M) is a broad term referring to technologies that allows the exchange of data between two pieces of the same kind of machinery, both by wire and wirelessly.

MEMS

Micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) are micrometer-scale devices, with sizes ranging generally from 20 micrometers to a millimeterer.

MES

Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) are computerized systems used in manufacturing. They track and document the flow of products from raw materials to finished goods.

MVP

Minimum Viable Product (MVP) is a product that helps gather the maximum amount of data from users with the minimum amount of investment. The term doesn’t refer to the actual product, but a strategy and process of developing it.

OEE

Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) is a hierarchy of metrics used to determine how effectively a manufacturing operation is utilized. It identifies the percentage of planned production time that is truly productive.

PLC

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) are digital computers used for automation in a wide variety of tasks, ranging from industrial plant upkeep to light fixtures.

RFID

Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) is a method for the wireless use of electromagnetic fields to transfer data, for tracking tags containing electronically stored information, attached to objects.

Smart grid

is a system for electricity management, which includes a variety of operational and energy measures including smart meters, smart appliances, renewable energy resources, and energy efficiency resources.

UI

User Interface (UI) is a broad concept, referring to the space where interactions between humans and machines occur. Examples include operating systems, operator controls and process controls.

UX

User experience (UX) means the users emotions and attitudes towards using a particular product, system or service.

Wearable

refers to a miniature electronic device that can be worn by the user.